A bench warrant is defined as a writ issued directly by a judge to a law-enforcement officer, especially for the arrest of a person who has been held in contempt, has disobeyed a subpoena, or has to appear for a hearing or trial. The provision on bench warrant is expressed under Section 9, Rule 71 of the Rules of Court which states that "[w]hen a respondent released on bail fails to appear on the day fixed for the hearing, the court may issue another order of arrest or may order the bond for his appearance to be forfeited and confiscated, or both." (Magleo vs Judge Quinagoran, A.M. No. RTJ-12-2336, November 12, 2014)
Sample bench warrant:
Republic of the Philippines
National Capital Judicial Region
REGIONAL TRIAL COURT
PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES,
- versus - Crim. Case No. 4445
BENCH WARRANT OF ARREST
CHIEF OF POLICE
Makati City Central Police Station
You are hereby commanded to execute or cause the arrest of AKU SADO, who is said to be found at 1234 Tanay Street, Valenzuela, Makati City for his failure to appear on the above-entitled case during the Pre-Trial on June 17, 2016, and to bring him before this Court as soon as possible to be dealt with according to law. Kindly make your return within ten (10) days from receipt. This warrant shall continue to be valid and enforceable even after the lapse of ten (10) days from its issuance and shall remain with you until he is arrested.
Issued this 22nd day of June 2016 at Makati City, Philippines.
GABRIELA B. SILONG